Greenwich Historical Society to Restore and Expand Impressionist Era Gardens

We are excited to announce a new grant from the local garden club Hortulus to enable the restoration of the ornamental flower gardens, kitchen gardens, and grape arbor as part of the overall master plan for the Greenwich Historical Society’s dramatic campus transformation. The artist colony Impressionist period gardens of the National Historic Landmark Bush-Holley House provide critical interpretive information for visitors, as they convey both daily life routines (growing food provisions for the residents), as well as inspiring many subjects in the plein-air painters’ tableaux.When the reimagined campus opens in fall 2018, garden improvements will include relocation and expansion of the Impressionist-era fruit and vegetable garden that supported the Holley boarding house and the creation of a new Impressionist-era perennial flower garden along both sides of the walkway that will link the new building to Bush-Holley House and the Vanderbilt Education Center. The current grape arbor will also be replaced with a more durable structure to support the existing grape vines, some of which are 120 years old.

In producing these historical gardens plans, the Society is collaborating with design consultants, Greenwich-based landscape architecture firm Conte & Conte, LLC, and the award-winning historic preservation architectural firm David Scott Parker Architects.

In generating the planting plan, Conte & Conte, which has experience working with historical landscape projects, carefully examined the historical primary and secondary sources (including Garden Calendar of Holley House proprietors Elmer and Constant MacRae for the years 1918-1919 and the additional information compiled in the Historic Landscape Report: Bush-Holley House, Storehouse and Brush Properties, 1996).  For the grape arbor reconstruction drawings, David Scott Parker Architects carefully examined all physical and documentary evidence.

For the technical and careful installation of these historical landscape features, Fairfield House & Garden Company, which is the sister construction company of Conte & Conte, has been selected to carry out the work. The firm has the particular skill combination of working with sensitive landscapes as well as vast experience in the realm of sustaining the appearance of such types of gardens over time. In addition, the firm’s owners, John and Kim Conte, hold a personal interest in the success of the Society’s vision as both of their families have resided in Greenwich since the artist colony was established.

During the 30-year period from 1890 to 1920, Cos Cob and the Holley House (now Bush-Holley House) became the setting for Connecticut’s first art colony. Today, Bush-Holley House visitors can view works by Impressionist artists depicting the house and gardens.

The generous Hortulus grant will enable the Greenwich Historical Society to further its mission and long-term vision for preserving and presenting local history and art in a dynamic and beautiful site dedicated to lifetime learning, connecting us to our past and each other.

About Hortulus

Founded in 1930 and a member of The Garden Club of America, Hortulus’ mission is “to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening and creative design; to protect, restore, and improve the quality of the environment through education, programs and action in the fields of conservation and civic improvement.”

Hortulus hosts flower shows, garden trips, workshops, and lectures, and has a long tradition of civic service. The club’s contributions include landscaping at Greenwich Library, The Mews, and the YWCA as well as grants to Nathaniel Witherell, the Greenwich Land Trust, Boys & Girls Club of Greenwich, Bruce Park, the Garden Education Center, and Greenwich Audubon. Hortulus and the Greenwich Historical Society have a long-standing relationship dating back to the Hortulus Conservation Award designed by Bush-Holley House proprietor Elmer MacRae in 1945.

Greenwich Historical Society’s Campus Reimagining

Greenwich Historical Society is in the home stretch of its Reimagine the Campus Campaign, a bold and ambitious initiative that will expand and provide better access to its facilities, and enrich its education and preservation programs. The visionary plan will enable the Historical Society to advance its mission by making a greater contribution to the cultural life of Greenwich and surrounding areas, while ensuring the preservation of its historic buildings and grounds for the future.

The new building will have a glass lobby, two state-of-the-art exhibition halls to showcase the permanent art and history collections, an expanded research library and archives, museum store, and café. The reimagined campus will welcome the community with more than double the parking and provides universal access to the entire site, including an elevator. It will enable more dynamic programming and experiences for bringing Greenwich history alive to a larger audience.

Greyledge & Colonel Bolling

Raynal BollingGreyledge, an English-style manor in Greenwich on Doubling Road, was designed by the same firm that created the New York Public Library, Carrère & Hastings. Built for pioneer aviator Col. Raynal Cawthorne Bolling, who moved in with his family in 1915, it was demolished in 2007.

Greenwich Historical Society. Raynal C. Bolling Collection. Image of Greyledge scanned from "The American Architect", December 13, 1916, Volume CX, Number 2138. Theodore E. Blake, architectGreenwich Historical Society. Scan of loaned photograph of interior of Greyledge, home of Raynal C. Bolling and family. Entrance to Big Porch from hall between Library & Music Room.

A Harvard (1900) and Harvard Law (1902) graduate, Bolling rose to become General Solicitor at U.S. Steel. Foreseeing the role of aircraft in the predicted U.S. involvement in what was to become World War I, with a small group of friends he learned to fly then organized our country’s first National Guard flying unit and helped recruit and train some of America’s earliest fighter pilots, creating the precursor to the Air Force Reserve Command.

Greenwich Historical Society. Scan of loaned photograph of interior of Greyledge, home of Raynal C. Bolling and family. View of living room ("library") into dining room.

In the war he was responsible for, among other things, recommending and sourcing aircraft Raynal C. Bollingand overseeing training and supplies. In France on March 26, 1918, he was ambushed by Germans. While defending his unarmed driver, Bolling was killed, the first high-ranking air service officer to die in battle in World War I.

Bolling received the Distinguished Service Medal from the U.S. Army and the French Legion of Honour. Bolling Air Force Base (known today as Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling) in Washington, D.C., was named for him.

Bolling MemorialThere’s a life-size statue of him on Greenwich Avenue, across from the World War I memorial.

The archives at the Greenwich Historical Society holds the Col. Raynal C. Bolling Papers, which contain primary source material documenting some of his Air Service work during the war, related printed material and a limited number of family papers.

Fall Festival 2016 in Photos

The Greenwich Historical Society holds a Fall Festival every year with a The Morimotosscarecrow competition, activities for kids, and performances. This year the festival was held on October 9 and it had a Japanese theme that related to our new exhibition, “An Eye to the East: The Inspiration of Japan,” which examines the influence of Japanese art and culture in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Making a fish kiteWe had a samurai scarecrow and samurai face painting; plus kids (and some parents!) decorated fans and make fish tale kites. The Greenwich Japanese School delighted a packed crowd with a performance of song and dance, and the World Seido Karate Studio demonstrated martial arts. The Hapa Food Truck fed the crowd and all enjoyed spending a rainy Sunday on our campus. Until next year!

Students from the Greenwich Japanese SchoolStudents from the Greenwich Japanese SchoolStudents from the Greenwich Japanese SchoolDecorating a fanThe KawamurasWorld Seido Karate StudioPerformance by students from the Japanese School at Greenwich Historical Society Fall Festival, October 9, 2016An Uncle Sam themed scarecrowKids braving the weather for some fall funThe KatsumisHapa Food TruckArts and craftsArts and craftsThe Broms enjoying crafts