Jeanette Pickering Rankin of Montana, which had granted women suffrage in 1914, was the first woman elected to Congress. Rankin introduced the legislation for the 19th Amendment in 1919. That spring it was passed by the House and Senate and sent to the states for ratification. A broad coalition of women’s groups united under suffragists to campaign for ratification.
In Connecticut, anti-suffrage Republicans controlled the General Assembly and the governor’s office. In 1919 the legislature adjourned before the U.S. Congress ratified the 19th Amendment; they were not scheduled to meet again until January 1921. Despite calls for Governor Marcus Holcomb to hold a special session, he refused to call one, claiming that ratifying the 19th Amendment was not an important enough reason.